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|Ironbridge, built 1779 over the River Severn|
Illegitimacy - I am sure this must be feature in many a family history. In the course of research into my mother's Danson family, I came across this document at Lancashire Record Office which identified such a case.
In 1810, John Danson, aged 21 and eldest son of Henry Danson and Elizabeth Brown of Carleton, Lancashire was served with an affiliation order ordering him to contribute to the upkeep of his “said bastard child” - a daughter by Ann Butler of Marton. The poor child was repeatedly given this tag in the document below which is fascinating on its choice of language:
In 1810, £1 18s 0d would have the same spending power of today's £64.52 with 2s 0d being worth today £3.40. (www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/currency). - not much for bringing up a child!
Irregular Marriages - a feature of Scottish family history.
An “irregular” or “clandestine” marriage was in the form of a verbal declaration by thThe The British Parliament outlawed irregular marriages in 1753 with the introduction of Lord Hardwicke’s Marriage Act, but this did not apply to Scotland. As a result, many English couples eloped to Scotland to obtain a quick and easy marriage. Toll houses on the Scottish-English border became “centres” for irregular marriages - at Annan and Gretna in Dumfriesshire and at Coldstream and Lamberton in Berwickshire.